Cortisone is a hormone released by the adrenal gland in response to stress. It is a potent anti-inflammatory agent. Synthetically produced cortisone is more potent and longer acting than natural cortisone and is used for diagnosis as well as treatment of a variety of musculoskeletal conditions such as tendinopathy, bursitis and arthritis.
Artificial preparations containing cortisone are injected directly into the affected joint to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Cortisone injections produce a significant reduction in pain and inflammation in a majority of cases. The duration and degree of the beneficial effect can vary from patient to patient. It takes about 2 to 3 days for the cortisone injection to produce any effect. In some individuals these injections may not produce any effect. The frequency of cortisone injections is limited by the risk of tendon rupture and damage to cartilage.
Cortisone injections offer significant relief in pain & inflammation however is associated with certain adverse effects. The most common side effect of cortisone injection is a “cortisone flare”, a condition where cortisone crystallizes in the injected area and causes severe pain. It usually occurs in the first 24-48 hours after the injection and lasts for a couple of days. It can be managed with the help of ice packs and analgesics. Other adverse effects associated with cortisone injection may include:
In case of any adverse reaction contact your doctor immediately.